Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) #5 Brings Our Focus to Women and Girls
SDG raises awareness about their important roles in developing and improving communities. SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. In most societies, women and girls do not have equal power in their communities. One of the biggest challenges to solving this and other equity-related problems related to gender equity involves the identification of the issues and their impact.
Need for Consistent Data
To do this, the world needs accurate consistent data. This remains one of the greatest problems. Global Health Liaisons has the tools needed to understand the gender elements in nutrition, water, sanitation, and hygiene.
Aim of GHLiaisons
Global Health Liaisons aims to integrate a gender perspective into global health programs and research activities. Allow for strategies, implementation, and evaluations. All of which will increase equality and women’s empowerment. To better meet the health needs of women, girls, men, and boys.
Roles of Gender
Gender roles are defined by:
- Social and cultural attitudes
- Responsibilities for men and women on the basis of their sex
It includes their positions in society, and the level of power they have in relation to each other.
Men may be expected to be in control and strong. Women may be expected to be passive and emotional. Effective gender strategies contribute to healthy outcomes by engaging men and boys as partners to effect desired behavioral and social change.
GHL programs and activities specifically address gender norms and inequalities that increase stigma and vulnerability to HIV infection, impact on access to health care and other services.
Our experience with TB and gender is in the context of the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. The strong relationship between TB and HIV requires a gender-sensitive approach in terms of how TB, HIV and TB/HIV co-infection influences men’s and women’s health-seeking behavior, diagnosis, initiation of and adherence to treatment, and outcomes.
We recognize that good nutrition is a prerequisite for healthy families and communities. GHL focuses on improving nutrition for women and children by considering the specific socio-cultural context and addressing gender norms that contribute to malnutrition, stunting, and food insecurity.
The Ebola epidemic in West Africa affected women disproportionately because of their essential role as caregivers and healthcare workers. Recovery efforts must be gender-sensitive in addressing the disproportionate impact on women and girls. Issues of concern include fear and a shortage of health facilities. As well as the need for employment support and other safety net mechanisms for women survivors.
Ultimately, women need to be involved as key stakeholders in all aspects of health interventions that affect them: not merely as beneficiaries and participants in research, but also as decision-makers in the design, delivery and oversight.